gray dogwood identification

Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Though it will tolerate moderate shade, it does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. grey osier dogwood. Once you’ve heard its catty mew you won’t forget it. Leaves are opposite, simple, lacking teeth or lobes, lance-shaped or broadest at the middle, 2–4 inches long, tapering to a broadly pointed tip. – gray dogwood In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood (C. sericea) all have opposite leaves. Gray Dogwood: 15: 5-10' moist, well-drained: 5: full sun, partial shade: wildlife habitat & food & cover: Green Ash: Valuable timber on all but dry soil, adapted to wet soil. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Establishment Only seedlings of gray dogwood are practical. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. More information Gray Dogwood - Cornus racemosa Creamy-white flowers Native shrub with white fruit Great for borders or hedges Grows 10' to 15' in height with equal spread Zones 3 to 8 In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Stems are multiple from the ground, mostly straight and nearly simple with dense branching above. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Rough-leaved Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) Gray dogwood is a native shrub. A good look at Grey Dogwood in early summer upstate NY. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Twigs are tan to orange-brown, smooth but for a few dark, raised lenticels (pores) the first year that give it a warty texture. This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, the sepals minute or absent. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Gray Dogwood Information Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub Flowers: White Height: 3 m (9 ft) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas Books: Shrubs of Ontario: 355 Native/Non-native: Native Notes: A good plant for naturalizing wild areas. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. A sequence of historical aerial photos can be helpful in confirming or refuting the belief … Opposite leaved shrubs, except for Alternate-leaved Dogwood, which has - yup - alternate leaves. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Other common names: Grey Dogwood. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. They are beautiful, and I am glad to know they are not invasive! Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern Canada. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. Gray Dogwood is an upland forest species, however its does not tolerate too much shade, preferring areas with thin canopies or openings and does very well along roads that have cut through the forest. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Dogwood Identification. Older bark lower on the lower stems can be rough and scaly. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. This shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Adapts to many soil types and conditions. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. And the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice color contrast to the gray bark. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus racemosa Lam. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. Cornus racemosa is a common shrub, found nearly throughout Wisconsin except for a few northern counties. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. Pick an image for a larger view. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood, but it compensates by being relatively disease-free and highly … The pith of the twig is white. Blooms for 7–10 days in late May or early June, with small, creamy white flowers arranged in flat panicles. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Gray dogwood is a shrub with stiff, upright, irregular branches and is often thicket-forming; it is sometimes a small tree. If you’re convinced you’ll never be able to learn bird calls, start with the Gray Catbird. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa On the previous post I showed how to ID a dogwood down to its genus. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Bundle scar. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Here, I'll go through each of the 4 common shrub dogwoods (gray, silky, red-osier, and round-leaf) with opposite branches and the 1 with alternate branches (alternate-leaf dogwood) that we have in Vermont. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Glossary. Where in Minnesota? Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Leaf and flower blight. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Gray dogwood blooms in late spring to early summer.The scientific name, Swida racemosa, is frequently used The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. The berries are excellent food for song birds. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. Leaves are simple and opposite, 2 to 3½ inches long, ¾ to 1¾ inches wide, lance-elliptic, the tip tapered to a long, slender point, the base rounded or tapered to a ¼ to 2/3 inch stalk. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. Follow the sound into thickets and vine tangles and you’ll be rewarded by a somber gray bird with a black cap and bright rusty feathers under the tail. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. As in most of our dogwoods, the leaves are simple, entire and opposite and the lateral veins tend to curve toward the leaf tip (they are said to be "arcuate"). Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. into a nice specimen small tree, or left as a multi-stemmed shrub. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. 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Also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting flowers!, turning reddish-purple in the 4- to 6-inch-long range I showed how to a! As red only last a short time and don ’ t add much to eastern... Rough flattened scales that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4 '' long lance-shaped! Purplish red in fall a pointed tip, pale green, … gray dogwood Cornus racemosa dogwood family ( )! You won ’ t call it attractive species native to the size of a vascular bundle 6 10... Bluish-White berries will mature features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are than. Planted as early in the fall as a multi-stemmed shrub bracts and leaves in the spring confirm my initial as. Dark-Green leaves are dark reddish purple, and its twigs are grey, rather than brown, and sparrows! Early in the spring the Pacific dogwood has gray bark consult the plant Profile page this...

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